Medical  Explorer

Custom Search

Drugs A to Z  :  A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z
Medicinal Ingredients : A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z

Beauty Products : A  B  C  D  E  F  G  I  M  N  O  P  R  S  T  V

Aging      Allergies     Alzheimer's      Arthritis    Asthma      Bacteria   new Cancer    Chickenpox     Colds     Constipation      Diabetes      Epilepsy     Fatigue     Fever     Genetics       Haemorrhoids       newHeadaches      Hepatitis    Immunity      Infection      Insomnia       Leprosy       Menopause      Obesity      Osteoporosis     Other Diseases    Pain      PMS     Parasites     Sinusitis     newStroke     Toxicology    Urology




Arthritis medications
Acupuncture
Alcohol
Patients
newGeneral Health
Medicinal food
Chinese medicine
Nutrients
Smoking
Vitamins
OTC Drugs
Health Products
Therapy
Symptom
Parasitology
 
 

Dexcophan

cough linctus plus


Description
Dark brown liquid with blackcurrant flavour.

 

Composition

Per 5ml : Active Ingredients :

Dextromethorphan HBr   ........................10mg

Ephedrine HCI ....................................... 6.25mg

Ammonium Chloride ...............................150mg

 

Preservative : Sodium Benzoate  .............. 0.02% w/v

 

Actions and Pharmacology
Dextromethorphan suppresses the cough reflex by a direct effect on the cough centre in the medulla of the brain. Ephedrine acts on alpha-adrenergic receptors of blood vessels in the nasal mucosa, producing vasoconstriction and may result in nasal decongestion. Ammonium chloride exerts an expectorant action by its irritant action on the gastric mucous membrane. Oral absorption is rapid; and it undergoes hepatic metabolism and renal excretion.


Indications
For the control of cough and alleviation of nasal congestion.


Contraindications
Not recommended in hypersensitive patients and concurrent monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor therapy.


Precautions
(i) Caution in patients with asthma, hepatic or renal function impairment, cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, glaucoma, hypertension, hyperthyroidism, prostatic hypertrophy.


(ii) Safety for use in pregnancy and lactation has not been established.


Main Side/Adverse Effects
- Nausea or vomiting, dizziness, headache, loss of appetite, gastrointestinal disturbances.


- The most common adverse effects of ephedrine are tachycardia, anxiety, restlessness, and insomnia. Tremor, dry mouth, impaired circulation to the extremities, hypertension, and cardiac arrythmias may also occur.


Drug Interactions
Concurrent use with the following drugs requires careful monitoring
General anaesthetics; other sympathomimetics; ergonovine, methylergonovine, oxylocin; guanethidine.


Overdosage
Clinical features . Nausea, vomiting, abdominal discomfort, dizziness, hallucinations, tachycardia, respiratory depression. Treat overdosage by emesis or gastric lavage, if appropriate, and the necessary symptomatic and supportive measures.


Dosage and administration
Adults : Oral, 10mI every tour hours as needed, not exceeding 60ml/24 hours.
Children :

2 to 6 years - Oral, 2.5m1 every four hours as needed, not exceeding 15ml/24 hours.

7 to 12 years- Oral, 5ml every four hours as needed, not exceeding 30ml/24 hours.

Note : The information given here is limited. For further information consult your doctor or pharmacist.

Shelf-life 3 years from date of manufacture.
Storage Store below 25C. Protect from light.
Presentation/Packing Linctus x 3.6 Litres, 100 ml, 60 ml.

Abdomen
Blood
Bone
Breast
Ear

Eye

Face
Hair

Head

Heart
Kidney
Liver
Limbs
Lungs
newMind
Mouth
Muscles
Nails

Neck

newNerves
Nose

Skin

Teeth

Throat

Tongue
 
Health news
 
Cardiovascular Guide
 
Natural Remedies
 
Treatment of Cancer
 
Women's Health
 
Irritable bowel syndrome
 
Common Childhood Illnesses
 
Prescribed Drugs
 
 

     
         
     

 

Disclaimer