Each tablet contains:
Chlorpheniramine is a H1-blocker that reduces rhinorrhoea and sneezing.
Phenylephrine is used as a nasal and bronchial decongestant. It is a direct
selective alpha-adrenergic receptor agonist, and thus it does not cause the
release of endogenous noradrenaline like pseudoephedrine does. Paracetamol
has analgesic and antipyretic actions similar to those of aspirin. These
actions are considered to be due to inhibition of the biosynthesis of
Chlorpheniramine is well absorbed from the gastro-intestinal tract,
following oral administration. It is extensively metabolised in the liver
and excreted mainly as metabolites in the urine. Phenylephrine has reduced
bioavailability from the gastrointestinal tract owing to irregular
absorption and first-pass metabolism by monoamine oxidase in the gut and
liver. Paracetamol is readily and effectively absorbed from the
gastrointestinal tract, metabolised in the liver and excreted in the urine
mainly as the glucuronide and sulphate conjugates.
Febricol-Rx is indicated for the symptomatic relief of headache, muscular
ache, fever, sneezing, nasal congestion, itching and watery eyes associated
with flu, common colds and allergic rhinitis.
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
Febricol-Rx is preferably taken after food.
Adults and Children over 12 years: 1 to 2 tablets every 4-6 hours. Maximum 8
tablets per day.
Febricol-Rx is contraindicated in patients taking monoamine oxidase
inhibitors or within two weeks after stopping such treatment, patients with
severe hypertension or severe coronary artery disease and in patients with
known hypersensitivity to any of the active constituent.
WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS
This medicine may cause drowsiness. If affected, do not drive motor vehicles
or operate machinery. Do not drink alcohol or take drugs that may produce
drowsiness while taking this medicine.
Febricol-Rx should be used with caution in patients with renal dysfunction
and patients on antidepressant therapy. Patients with hypertension,
hyperthyroidism, heart disease or who are receiving monoamine oxidase
inhibitors should not take Febricol-Rx. Patients with diabetes, glaucoma, or
prostatic enlargement should also avoid Febricol-Rx, unless directed by
This preparation contains Paracetamol. Do not take any other paracetamol
containing medicines at the same time.
Febricol-Rx may interact with other sympathomimetic agents such as
decongestants, tricyclic antidepressants, appetite suppressants and
amphetamine-like psychostimulants, and monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs).
It may also interact with bretylium, bethanidine, guanethidine, debrisoquine,
methyldopa, alpha- and beta-adrenergic blocking agents.
PREGNANCY AND LACTATION
It is not advisable for use in pregnancy and lactation except under the
advice and supervision of a physician.
Most common side effect is sedation, including lassitute, dizziness and
incoordination. CNS stimulation may occur, include anxiety, restlessness,
insomnia, nervousness, euphoria, irritability, confusion and tremors.
Gastrointestinal disturbances such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, or
epigastric pain have occurred. Other side effects include dry mouth,
thickened respiratory-tract secretions and tightness of the chest; blurred
vision; urinary retention in males where prostatic enlargement is present
and constipation. Transient bradycardia followed by tachycardia with
palpitations and arrhythmias and hypertension may also occur.
Side effects of paracetamol are rare and usually mild, though haematological
reactions have been reported.
SYMPTOMS AND TREATMENT FOR OVERDOSAGE
With chlorpheniramine, convulsions, hyperpyrexia, tachycardia, nervousness
and convulsions may occur. Treat nervous stimulation and convulsions with a
sedative such as diazepam intramuscularly. In severe cases, the stomach
should be emptied by aspiration and gastric lavage.
Severe overdosage of phenylephrine may produce hypertension and associated
reflex bradycardia. Treatment measures include early gastric lavage and
symptomatic and supportive measures. The hypertensive effects may be treated
with an alpha-receptor blocking agent (such as phentolamine mesilate 6-10
mg) given intravenously, and the bradycardia treated with atropine,
preferable only after the pressure has been controlled.
Paracetamol in massive overdosage may cause hepatic toxicity. Early symptoms
of overdose may include: nausea, vomiting, diaphoresis and general malaise.
Clinical and laboratory evidence of hepatic toxicity may not be apparent
until 48 to 72 hours postingestion. In adults and adolescents, regardless of
the quantity of paracetamol reported to have been ingested, administer
acetylcysteine immediately if 24 hours or less have elapsed from the
reported time of ingestion. Promptly initiate gastric decontamination of the
stomach. A plasma paracetamol assay should be obtained as early as possible,
but no sooner than four hours following ingestion. If plasma level falls
above the lower treatment line on the paracetamol overdose monogram,
acetylcysteine therapy should be continued. Liver function studies should be
obtained initially and repeated at 24-hour intervals. Serious toxicity or
fatalities are extremely infrequent in children, possibly due to differences
in the way they metabolise paracetamol.
Store below 30°C.
Light green colour, round-shaped and flat bevelled edge tablet, embossed
with logo and breakline on the reverse side. Available as blister strips of
10's in packing of 100 tablets per box.