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Oral aid lotionORAL AID LOTION

 

Description

A milky white, flavoured, homogeneous, colloidal solution. It contains Lignocaine 2.5%, Chlorhexidine hydrochloride BP 0.5% and Triamcinolone Acetonide BP 0.1%.

 

Preservatives : Methylparaben 0.21%, Propylparaben 0.031%.

 

Indications

Oral Aid Lotion is an anaesthetic, antibacterial, and antiinflammatory agent, which is used in mouth infections or oral lesions. It heals and relieves pain and discomfort in acute and chronic lesions of the gum, palate, cheek and tongue.

 

Mechanisms of action

Lignocaine

Local anaesthetics block both the initiation and conduction of nerve impulses by decreasing the neuronal membrane's permeability to sodium ions. This reversibly stabilises the membrane and inhibits depolarisation, resulting in conduction blockade.

 

Chlorhexidine HCI

Because of its positive charge, cholorhexidine is absorbed onto the surfaces of teeth, plaque, and oral mucosa, which is gradually released from these sites for up to 24 hours, providing a continuing bacteriostatic effect.

 

Triamcinolone Acetonide

Corticosteroids diffuse across cell membranes and complex with specific cytoplasmic receptors, resulting in anti-inflammatory effects of Oral Aid Lotion.

 

Dosage

Apply to the affected area, up to every one to two hours as required.

 

Side effects

Side effects of Oral Aid Lotion include allergic contact dermatitis ( skin rash, redness, itching, or hives ), angioedema ( large, hive-like swellings on skin or in mouth or throat), burning, stinging, swelling, or tenderness not present before therapy. Transient taste disturbances and a burning sensation of the tongue may occur on initial use.

 

Contraindications

Oral Aid Lotion is contraindicated in patients who are sensitive to lignocaine, chlorhexidine and triamcinolone acetonide.

 

Precautions

Oral Aid Lotion should be used with caution when there is local infection at area of treatment. Caution is also needed when there is severe traumatized mucosa as it may increase absorption of anaesthetic, leading to increased risk of systemic toxicity. Herpes simplex at treatment site may be transmitted to other sites, including the eye and Oral Aid Lotion should be used with caution. Again, caution is needed in patients with anterior tooth restorations ( front-tooth fillings ) and periodontitis.

 

Drug Interactions

At recommended doses, drug interactions are uncommon. However, in rare cases where Oral Aid Lotion is used in large quantities, used repeatedly or swallowed, lignocaine is systemically absorbed and interactions with beta-adrenergic blocking agents, cimetidine, and other amide local anaesthetic-derivative antiarrythmic agents have been reported. Long term administration of enzyme-inducing agents such as phenytoin may increase dosage requirements of lignocaine.

 

Overdosage

When used as recommended, overdosing with Oral Aid Lotion is rare.

 

Presentation

6 ml

 

Storage conditions and user instructions

 Keep container tightly close.

Store in a dray place blow 30C.

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