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Red Chicken Brand

Fever mixture


Description and Active Ingredient

Red Chickens Brand Fever Mixture is a clear, light-golden coloured liquid containing paracetamol in quantity of 120 mg in 5 ml.

 

Pharmacological Information

The active ingredient, paracetamol, reduces minor pain and fever. Pain is caused by the body producing a chemical substance called Postaglandins. As paracetamol can stop the body from producing this substance, pain is reduced. Paracetamol is also able to act on the heat regulatory organ located in the brain to produce more heat loss during fever, resulting in the normalization of the body temperature.

 

After ingestion, paracetamol is quickly absorbed within 10 to 60 minutes. It takes effect within this time period. About 95% of absorbed paracetamol is converted to  excreatable by-products in the liver and passed out in the urine. Only 5% passed out in the unchanged form.

 

Indication

For the relief of fever, mild to moderate pain (Headache, teething pain) and discomfort due to common cold and flu.

 

Adverse Effects

Side effects of paracetamol is usually mild. Inflammation of the pancreas, skin rashes and allergic reactions occur occasionally. There have been reports of charges relating to blood cells.

 

Precautions and Warnings

Use paracetamol with care in patients with impaired kidney or liver function and in patients taking other drugs that affect the liver.

 

This preparation contains Paracetamol. Do not take any other Paracetamol containing medicines at the same time.

 

Drug Integrations

Paracetamol may interfere with anti-coagulant drugs.

 

Recommended Dosage

Infants 3 months to 1 year : half to one teaspoonful (2.5-5ml) three to four times a day.

Children 1 year to 6 years : one to two teaspoonful three to four times a day.

Children 7 to 12 years : two to four teaspoonful three to four times a day.

Adult : six teaspoonful three to four times a day.

 

The above dosages may need to be reduced in patients with liver or kidney failure.

 

Overdosage

After taking 150 mg/kg or more causes drowsiness, confusion, liver tenderness, low blood pressure, cardiac arrhythmias, nausea, vomiting, jaundice and acute renal failure. Liver cirrhosis can occur after repeated ingestion at toxic doses.

 

Treatment

As an emergency measure, remove the remaining drug in the stomach in inducing emesis with Ipecac Syrup within one to two hours of ingestion, provided the respiration is not depressed. For patients above 5 years old, 30 ml of Ipecac Syrup followed immediately by two to three glasses (240-360 ml) of water is recommended. Repeat dose 20 minutes later, if necessary.

 

If there is no emesis after the administration of Ipecac syrup or if respiration is depressed, stomach should be emptied by airway-protected gastric aspiration & lavage and a saline purgative should be given to promote peristalsis. Avoid suing activated charcoal, as it will interfere with the absorption of N-acetylcisteine later.

 

N-acetylcisteine is given as an antidote and must be administered within ten hours after ingestion. The oral loading dose is 140 mg/kg and followed by maintenance dose of 70 mg/kg every four hours for three days. if the patient vomits within one hour of administration, the dose should be repeated.

 

Packing

Red Chickens Brand Fever Mixture is available in size of 30 ml and 60 ml.

 

Storage and Shelf-life

Store in a cool dry place away from direct sunlight. The recommended shelf-life is three years.

 

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