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Achillea millefolium

Achillea millefolium (Compositae)

YARROW, NOSEBLEED, STAUNCH WEED

 

Used by herbalists since the ancient Greeks to stop bleeding and for fever, this herb, with or without flowers, is given internally or as a poultice.

 

The Latin name for yarrow is said to have arisen because Achilles used the herb to stop his soldiers' wounds bleeding. Native to Europe, yarrow has spread to many temperate regions and, like most weeds, grows readily on any waste ground. The stem is angular with a profusion of long green-grey leaves that look like fern fronds. Small, white or pink-tinged flowers with yellow centres grow in loose clusters at the top of the plant in summer.

 

PARTS USED

Whole herb, with or without flowers.

 

ACTIVE INGREDIENTS

Volatile oil containing azulene; flavonoids, including apigenin and rutin; tannins. ACTIONS Anti-inflammatory; astringent; helps reduce fever; induces sweating; stops or reduces bleeding; lowers blood pressure.

 

MEDICINAL USE

Given to help the body control fevers, flu, and the common cold. Also used for high blood pressure, stomach ulcers, scant or absent periods, and as a poultice for minor cuts and abrasions.

 

PREPARATIONS

Infusion, tincture, poultice.

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