Agrimonia eupatoria (Rosaceae)
Agrimony has been a popular medicinal herb throughout history; one ancient recipe suggested mixing it with human blood and frogs to stop internal bleeding. Its leaves, which the French value as a tisane, have a delicate aroma. Agrimony grows wild all over Europe, Asia and North America, especially on dry waste ground. It has attractive, hairy, divided leaves at ground level and a tall spike with bright yellow flowers in the summer. The flowers produce fruit covered in tough hairs, which stick to passing animals or clothes.
Tannins; coumarins; volatile
oil; flavonoids, including apigenin and quercitin.
Astringent; increases urine production.
Used against diarrhoea in children and mucous colitis (an inflammatory condition of the intestines), as a poultice for ulcers and slowly healing wounds, and as a gargle in acute sore throats. Given for tuberculosis and internal bleeding by Chinese physicians.
Infusion, tincture, gargle, poultice.