Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (Ericaceae)
UVA URSI, BEARBERRY, HOGBERRY
The spatula-shaped leaves of this
creeping evergreen have been infused by European herbalists since the middle
ages as a remedy for urinary tract inflammation, and they are still used for
this purpose today.
Bearberry has been recognized as a diuretic in Europe since the middle ages, and its antibacterial
properties were confirmed by German physicians in the 18th century. It
grows throughout the northern hemisphere in the high lands of high latitudes and is found in North America, Europe, and Asia.
The plant is low and creeping with spatula
like leaves and small clusters of white or pink waxy flowers.
Leaves collected in late summer.
arbutin; iridoids; flavonoids, including quercitin; tannins; volatile oil.
Increases urine production; antiseptic; astringent.
Given for cystitis and other
inflammatory urinary tract conditions, and for painful urination.
Infusion, tincture, tablets.