Baptisia tinctoria (Leguminosae)
WILD INDIGO, BAPTISIA,
The roots of this plant are used by herbalists internally for mouth and
throat infections, and externally for boils, ulcers and rheumatism.
This is not the source of the famous bluejeans dye, but is a native to North America once used by the indigenous Indians as a dye and for medicine.
Wild indigo is a small
perennial shrub with rounded clover-like leaves and bunches of small yellow flowers during late summer.
Isoflavones, including genistein
and aptogenin; flavonoids; alkaloids, including cytisine; coumarins.
Anti-infective; laxative; helps reduce fever; increases the flow of bile.
Given internally for infections and inflammation of the mouth, throat, or tonsils, inflammation of the lymphatic system,
and as a douche for vaginal discharges. Externally, it is used on boils and ulcers, and for rheumatism.
Decoction, tincture, cream.