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Calculus bovis

Calculus bovis

CATTLE GALLSTONES, BEZOARS

The brittle bitter-tasting gallstones, or bezoars, that occur in many kinds of mammal, have been used in traditional Eastern and Western medicine for centuries for fevers and other "hot" complaints.

The lumps of mineral salts, or gallstones, that occur in the gallbladders of many species of mammal are known as bezoars, which translates from Arabic as "against poison". Bezoars have had a semi-magical reputation and a long Eastern and Western history of medical use. The stones are oval-shaped, yellow, green or brown in colour, and brittle with a bitter taste, their main ingredients are cholesterol and other fatty acids, amino acids, and minerals.

PARTS USED

Whole gallstones.

 

ACTIVE INGREDIENTS

Not known

 

ACTIONS

Anticonvulsant; helps reduce fever; sedative; increases urine production.

 

MEDICINAL USE

Chinese and Unani physicians use cattle bezoars, as Western medicine used to, for their effect on fevers, swollen sore throats, carbuncles, abscesses, other "hot" complaints, and also for spasms.

 

PREPARATIONS

Powder, pills.

 

CAUTION

Avoid in pregnancy.

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