Medical  Explorer

Custom Search

Drugs A to Z  :  A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z
Medicinal Ingredients : A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z

Beauty Products : A  B  C  D  E  F  G  I  M  N  O  P  R  S  T  V

Aging      Allergies     Alzheimer's      Arthritis    Asthma      Bacteria   new Cancer    Chickenpox     Colds     Constipation      Diabetes      Epilepsy     Fatigue     Fever     Genetics       Haemorrhoids       newHeadaches      Hepatitis    Immunity      Infection      Insomnia       Leprosy       Menopause      Obesity      Osteoporosis     Other Diseases    Pain      PMS     Parasites     Sinusitis     newStroke     Toxicology    Urology




Arthritis medications
Acupuncture
Alcohol
Patients
newGeneral Health
Medicinal food
Chinese medicine
Nutrients
Smoking
Vitamins
OTC Drugs
Health Products
Therapy
Symptom
Parasitology
 
 

Cassia senna/C. acutifolia/ C. angustifolia (Leguminosae)

SENNA, ALEXANDRIAN SENNA, TINNEVELLY SENNA

 

The pods and leaves of this small shrub provide one of the most widely used laxatives, an action first recorded by Arabian physicians. It is taken for constipation due to lack of bowel tone but laxatives should not be overused.

 

The first records of senna's medicinal use come from Arabian physicians who imported material through Alexandria, from which one of the common names derives. Senna now provides the main ingredient of many pharmaceutical laxatives. A small shrubby plant with leaves divided into opposite leaflets, it has small yellow flowers that give way to flat curved pods, each of which contains six seeds.

 

PARTS USED

Leaves, pods.

 

ACTIVE INGREDIENTS

Anthraquinone glycosides, including sennosides A, B, C, D, palmidin A, aloe-emodin, and rhein; kaempferol; mucilage.

 

ACTIONS

Stimulant laxative.

 

MEDICINAL USE

Widely used in many systems of medicine to treat constipation due to lack of tone or contraction of the bowel, but it should not be used for spastic constipation or colitis (an inflammatory condition of the intestines).

 

PREPARATIONS

Powdered leaves, infusion, tablets, tincture, over-the-counter preparations.

Abdomen
Blood
Bone
Breast
Ear

Eye

Face
Hair

Head

Heart
Kidney
Liver
Limbs
Lungs
newMind
Mouth
Muscles
Nails

Neck

newNerves
Nose

Skin

Teeth

Throat

Tongue
 
Health news
 
Cardiovascular Guide
 
Natural Remedies
 
Treatment of Cancer
 
Women's Health
 
Irritable bowel syndrome
 
Common Childhood Illnesses
 
Prescribed Drugs
 
 

     
         
     

 

Disclaimer