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Coriandrum sativumCoriandrum sativum (Umbelliferae)

CORIANDER

 

Coriander fruit are used by herbalists worldwide to relieve or prevent wind and colic. Ayurvedic medicine prescribes them for conditions ranging from burns to allergies, and Chinese medicine uses them for stomach ache, measles, and nausea.

 

An ancient herb that has been cultivated for at least 3,000 years, it is indigenous to Italy but now grows throughout the world and has become an established ingredient in traditional cookery in Peru, India, and the Middle East. It is named after the Greek for bug because of the insect-like smell of its leaves. An annual, it has leaves comprising many leaflets and small white flowers in summer, followed by spherical, brittle fruit.

 

PARIS USED

Fruit.

 

ACTIVE INGREDIENTS

Volatile oil containing coriandrol (55-74 per cent), borneol, linalol, camphor, geraniol, limonene, and terpinene; flavonoids, including quercetin, kaempferol, and apigenin; coumarins; phenolic acids, including caffeic and chlorogenic.

 

ACTIONS

Aromatic; relieves wind and colic; reduces muscle tension and spasm.

 

MEDICINAL USE

Used largely as a carminative to relieve flatulence. Given in Ayurvedic medicine for urinary tract infections, skin conditions, burns, sore throats, indigestion and allergies, and by Chinese physicians for measles, stomach ache and nausea.

 

PREPARATIONS

Powdered fruit, tincture, infusion.

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