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Fagopyrum esculentum (Polygonaceae)

BUCKWHEAT, BLE NOIR, SARACEN CORN

 

The leaves are used in herbalism for conditions ranging from high blood pressure to frostbite. Chinese doctors give buckwheat for bites, stings, trauma, and period pains.

 

Buckwheat is not related to bread wheat but is used as a flour in central Asia and China, where it is native, as a grain in Russia, and to make pancakes in North America. An annual with erect stems, soft arrow-shaped leaves, and small pinkish flowers in summer, it also produces small seeds shaped like three-sided pyramids.

 

PARTS USED

Leaves.

 

ACTIVE INGREDIENTS

Flavonoid glycosides, rutin and quercetin.

 

ACTIONS

Prevents haemorrhage; dilates the blood vessels; repairs blood vessel walls.

 

MEDICINAL USE

Used to treat high blood pressure associated with fragile capillaries, and for frostbite, chilblains, retinal haemorrhages, and radiation damage. In Chinese medicine, it is prescribed for traumatic injuries, lumbago, period pains, bites, and stings.

 

PREPARATIONS

Infusion, tablets.

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