Ficaria ranunculoides/Ranunculus ficaria
PILEWORT, SMALL CELANDINE, FIGWORT
The common name of pilewort
reflects both the shape of its tubers, which look like piles, and its use in
herbalism. It is given internally as tablets and externally as a cream for
Pilewort's Latin names come from rana, meaning frog,
because plants of this species grow in damp and waterlogged places.
It is a classic example of the ancient Doctrine of Signatures (using plants medicinally for conditions they resemble).
Pilewort has small fat tubers that look like piles and, indeed, it has been used for piles since the middle ages.
Native to Europe and western Asia, it is one of the first spring flowers.
It is perennial with creeping stems, dark-green, heart-shaped leaves, and yellow flowers that open only in bright sunlight.
Saponins; protoanaemonin and
Astringent; constricts blood vessels.
Used both externally and internally for piles.
Cream, suppositories, tablets.