Geranium maculatum (Gerianaceae)
AMERICAN CRANESBILL, WILD
GERANIUM, ALUMROOT, STORKSBILL
The rhizome, originally used by
North American Indians as an astringent, is now given herbally for gut
disturbances such as diarrhoea, food poisoning, and peptic ulcers.
The generic name of this species is derived from the Greek for crane,
because the unripe fruit looks like a crane's bill. It was a favourite herb of the North American Indians,
who used it as an astringent. Native to North America, it is a perennial with a hairy stem and lobed pale-green leaves
that become spotted with age. Rose-pink flowers appear in late summer.
Tannins, including gallic acid.
Astringent; stops bleeding from external wounds; promotes wound healing; tonic.
Given internally to control diarrhoea, food poisoning, peptic ulcers,
and inflammatory bowel disease. Used locally as a mouthwash for mouth infections and ulcers, and as a douche for vaginal infections.
Dried rhizome, tincture, tablets.