Crataegus scabrifolia (Fr.) Rehd.
ROUGH LEAF HAWTHORN
The hawthorn, shan zha, is also called shan zha gao (hawthorn fruit), hong
guo (red fruit) and shan li hong (mountain red).
The rough-leaf hawthorn is a small deciduous species growing to 5 meters.
The fruit is spherical or slightly pear shaped with a diameter of 30-60 mm
and a smooth skin. (The fruit of the northern hawthorn is 25 mm in diameter
while that of the southern hawthorn is 10-15 mm in diameter.)
The immature fruit is light green or yellow-green, as it ripens it turns
dark red, yellow-brown or red-brown. The flesh is thick and juicy, the
flavor is at first sour and astringent, but this is followed by a slightly
sweet after-taste. After chewing there is a large amount of rough material
left in the mouth that is difficult to swallow. The fruit contains a number
of yellow-brown seeds.
The nature of this fruit is warm and it contains no poison.
The fruit ripens at the end of summer and the beginning of autumn. It helps
digestion and can ease diarrhoea. The fruit contains fructose, protein, fat,
vitamins B2 and C, carotene, calcium, phosphorus, iron, haw acid, tartaric
acid, citric acid, malic acid, tannin, flavonoid, lactone, enzymes, etc.
1. INDIGESTION, STOMACH SWELLING AND PAIN. Take 2-3 pieces of fresh fruit,
crush to obtain the juice and drink. Alternatively add 6 grams of dried
orange peel to the juice, simmer in a little water and drink. Do this twice.
2. DIARRHEA IN SMALL CHILDREN. Take 3 grams of hawthorn charcoal and 6
grams of hawthorn flakes, simmer in water and serve. Alternatively take 5
pieces of fresh fruit, crush and obtain the juice. Add 0.6 grams of crushed
hawthorn charcoal, mix and serve.
3. STOMACH PAIN AND DIARRHEA DUE TO ACUTE GASTROENTERITIS OR DYSENTERY. Take
6-9 grams of hawthorn charcoal grind to a powder, mix with warm boiled
water and drink.
4. HIGH. BLOOD PRESSURE; HYPERTENSION; CORONARY HEART DISEASE. Take 15 grams
of hawthorn flakes and simmer in water, or pour boiling water over the
flakes and let them soak. Drink the liquid as a medicinal tea over a long
5. STOMACH PAIN AFTER CHILDBIRTH. Take 30 grams of hawthorn flakes and 15
grams of Chinese angelica root, (Angelica sinensis). Steam in water and
6. HERNIA. Take 31 grams of hawthorn flakes and steam in water. To this
liquid add 1.5 grams of powdered fennel (Foeniculum vulgare), mix and serve.
Take this once in the morning and again in the evening.
7. RASH CAUSED BY SKIN ALLERGY. Take 30 grams of hawthorn flakes and 9 grams
of gambir plant (Uncaria rhychophylla). Simmer in water and drink the
liquid. The affected parts
can also be rubbed with the hawthorn flakes that have been simmered.
8. SCURVY. Take 60 grams of hawthorn flakes and 60 grams of peeled
chestnuts, add water and steam till cooked. Blend in 30 grams of sugar. Take
daily, in the morning, on an empty stomach.
9. FATIGUE CAUSED BY OVERWORK; DIZZINESS WITH ACHING BACK AND LEGS IN THE
AGED; PAINFUL JOINTS AND MUSCLES. Take 30-60 grams of hawthorn wine each
night before bed.
1. HAWTHORN FLAKES. Soak the fruit in boiling water for a short time, then
scoop out and cut into slices. Dry these in the sun for future use.
2. HAWTHORN CHARCOAL. Heat the dried flakes over a hot plate until they turn
3. HAWTHORN WINE. Take 250 grams of hawthorn flakes, 250 grams of dried
longan pulp, 30 grams of Chinese dates and 30 grams of brown sugar. Place in
1000 grams of rice wine* for at least 10
days, shaking it daily. It is then ready for use.
(* Japanese sake can be used. Ed.)
Avoid this fruit if suffering from constipation.
1 Tests have shown that hawthorn fruits inhibit all kinds of dysenteric
bacilli and also lower blood pressure over a period.
2 There are a wide variety of hawthorns such as northern hawthorn, southern
hawthorn, Niagara hawthorn, etc. The hawthorns of Yunnan and Guangxi are the
best for fruit, while the northern hawthorn is the best one for medicinal