Four major symptoms groups of PMS
have been identified. A woman might experience symptoms in one or several
1. Premenstrual Tension is characterized by nervous tension, mood swings,
irritability and anxiety.
2. Hyperthydration, or the hyperhydration syndrome, is marked by weight gain,
swelling in the hands and feet, breast tenderness, and abdominal bloating.
3. Cravings mean an increase in appetite with cravings for sweets or salty
foods. Symptoms also include headache, fatigue, dizziness, and a pounding heart.
4. Depression is also common and includes forgetfulness, crying, confusion,
Over 150 symptoms have been associated with PMS, however, and the sequence
and combination of symptoms can vary between women. for instance, some women
have acne flare-ups right before their periods. Others are constipated. Some
women experience nausea when they exercise. The type and severity of symptoms
also might vary each month and might reflect lifestyle changes or stress.
Stress : Stress and nutrition are related. Stress increases the
excretion of magnesium and raises the requirement for this nutrient. The theory
that a magnesium deficiency contributes to PMS is supported by the finding that
women with PMS often have low blood levels of magnesium.
Sugar : In studies of the dietary patterns of women with PMS compared
to the diets of women who are not disturbed by this problem, women with PMS
consume more sugar, averaging approximately 20 teaspoons a day. Excessive sugar
consumption contributes to a magnesium to metabolize sugar. At the same time,
sugar dos not provide magnesium.
Vitamins : Women who supplement their diets with the B complex
vitamins usually are less likely to be disturbed by PMS.